Understanding The Possible Risks Associated With A Colonoscopy

Typically, a colonoscopy exam is pretty safe and complications seldom arise. The colonscope, a thin and flexible tube-like instrument, is injected into the anus which enables the physician to monitor the state and health of the inside of the colon. This device displays video for the doctor or nurse to view and helps in spotting areas of concern such as lesions or colon polyps. It also helps in taking a biopsy of tissues, which are examined for the presence of anything dangerous such as the presence of cancerous cells.

This process is usually painless but it may lead to complications in the patients undergoing the treatment. Despite tremendous advances in medical technology and techniques there will always remain risk to patients, even though they may be slight.

Minor Adverse Reactions

Minor complications include nausea and vomiting. Other complications can be skin allergies around the anus and lack of water in the body. Dehydration is very general, as the passage of the colon has to be rid of solids so that proper examination could be taken. Dehydration is primarily the result of the colonoscopy prep process.

During the endoscopy exam, the inside of the colon may be partially filled with air so that the internal areas being looked at can be better seen on the video monitor. The main side effect of this which can arise is stomach cramps. This may be slightly painful and uncomfortable but seldom dangerous. Swelling in the abdomen may also occur. Cramping and bloating usually subside relatively quickly.

When a patient’s biopsy is done a small quantity of tissue is snipped out from the body. For this reason, it may happen that the bowel movements may comprise of small quantities of blood shortly after the procedure. The person undergoing treatment may experience blood loss for a temporary period and it is just a minor side effect, which will not give much difficulties.

Possible allergic reaction to the colonoscopy prep mixtures or pills may present themselves before the actual examination. The risk that is implicated is the same with any other medication. Further, there is a low rate of occurrence of the intestinal wall being damaged, destroyed or scraped with the instruments being used.

More Serious Complications

One of the more serious risks is gastrointestinal perforation. In some cases, serious perforation can be life threatening and requires major surgery for its repair. According to medical research the colon cancer data shows that the most ruthless complications that may arise through colonoscopy are perforation(0.029% to 0.72% cases), death of 0.003% to 0.03% of patients of colonoscopy and heavy bleeding which takes place in 0.2% to 2.67% colonoscopies. An analysis shows that the risks of perforation is nearly twice as high during a colonoscopy than that of a sigmoidoscopy.

When bleeding complications arise, they can be handled by using the instrument for cauterization instantly to remedy the situation if caught during the exam. Bleeding can also take place after one week; this can happen at the site of removal of polyp. To cure the delayed bleeding the procedure can be repeated. Due to possible adhesions between spleen and colon in some patients, there are chances that spleen rupture may take place.


“Cardiopulmonary complications” can also arise as it can happen in any operation-involving anesthesia. A drop in blood pressure for a temporary period or oxygen saturation can also take place, which is an effect of overdose of medicines. When anesthesia is given, it is possible that one will get blood clots; which may result in deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism.

In seldom cases, cardiac arrest, death or stroke may occur which are obviously very serious cardiopulmonary occurrences.


Laxatives and prep mixtures and prep pills may lead to dehydration and patients must be sure to drink plenty of water in order to reduce loss of fluid and stay hydrated. Loss of electrolytes is a very bad sign for your body as it can lead to major risks over time.

Prepping for a colonoscopy examination is an extremely valuable part of the process before a patient can undergo a colonoscopy to detect early forms of colon cancer or other colon conditions. Even though certain risks may be present, they occur at a relatively low rate. It is important to be aware of what could possibly go wrong, but it should hopefully not discourage anyone from going through with the procedure. For more information, be sure to discuss in further detail with your physician about the possible side effects, risks and complications of undergoing a colonoscopy.

 Teaching Your Child Rules And Boundaries

When we first go to school, the first thing they do is tell you the rules of the classroom. You may also learn more rules later, that pertain to the school. Every school has rules, and it’s usually easy for children to follow, because they already have those that they follow at home. If your child is young, and just starting to learn about rules, there are ways to teach them what is correct behavior what is not. If you’re trying to establish certain rules in your home, you must know which ones are important, and which ones you want implemented. Kids need rules and here are some quick tips to get you started in the right direction.

First Steps

Depending on the age of your child, there are certain rules that you can give them, and insist that they follow. If a child is very young, too many rules might not work for them, as it may be confusing. As a child gets older, more rules can be established, and you can expect them to follow the rules. When you’re just training a child to learn about rules, it’s always best that you practice what you want enforced. For example, if you’re at home, maybe you only want your child to watch one hour of TV per day.

In the case of watching TV, you may set a timer on the TV, and have it turned off, and parent locked, after the one hour has passed. This is a great way to enforce the rule of one hour television, without going around the rules. If the child sees the TV is locked off after one hour of watching their shows, then they should understand it’s time to stop watching TV. If you sit down and talk to your child about it, then it should be no surprise when the one hour time is up. Another example is rules outside of the home.

Outside The House

When you’re inside the home, rules will be different than outside the home. Maybe a child will yell inside the home, but you must let them know that this is not acceptable when they’re in public. If you’ve established the rules of ‘no yelling,’ while in public, they are more likely to follow it. Sitting down and talking with your child about why they shouldn’t yell, while they are outside, may help them to understand why the rule was put in place. Giving a rule is not enough, the child must understand the rule, and why it’s important to follow it.

If you take time to explain to your child, the importance of any rule you’ve implemented, they are more likely to follow the rules, and not be rebellious against them. If you find yourself having a rebellious child when it comes to several rules, you may want to examine the rules that you’ve set. It’s possible that your rules are too strict, unfair, or don’t make much sense to the child. Sit down and talk with your child directly about the rules, and see if the rules can be changed, in order for both parent and child to be happy.